How do I grep a specific line in Unix?

The -n ( or –line-number ) option tells grep to show the line number of the lines containing a string that matches a pattern. When this option is used, grep prints the matches to standard output prefixed with the line number. The output below shows us that the matches are found on lines 10423 and 10424.

How do I grep certain lines in a file?

The grep command searches through the file, looking for matches to the pattern specified. To use it type grep , then the pattern we’re searching for and finally the name of the file (or files) we’re searching in. The output is the three lines in the file that contain the letters ‘not’.

How do you search for a specific line in Unix?

If you’re already in vi, you can use the goto command. To do this, press Esc , type the line number, and then press Shift-g . If you press Esc and then Shift-g without specifying a line number, it will take you to the last line in the file.

To extract a range of lines, say lines 2 to 4, you can execute either of the following:

  1. $ sed -n 2,4p somefile. txt.
  2. $ sed ‘2,4! d’ somefile. txt.

How do I use find in Linux?

Basic Examples

  1. find . – name thisfile.txt. If you need to know how to find a file in Linux called thisfile. …
  2. find /home -name *.jpg. Look for all . jpg files in the /home and directories below it.
  3. find . – type f -empty. Look for an empty file inside the current directory.
  4. find /home -user randomperson-mtime 6 -iname “.db”

How do I grep a file in Linux?

How to use the grep command in Linux

  1. Grep Command Syntax: grep [options] PATTERN [FILE…] …
  2. Examples of using ‘grep’
  3. grep foo /file/name. …
  4. grep -i “foo” /file/name. …
  5. grep ‘error 123’ /file/name. …
  6. grep -r “192.168.1.5” /etc/ …
  7. grep -w “foo” /file/name. …
  8. egrep -w ‘word1|word2’ /file/name.

How do I use grep to search a folder?

To grep All Files in a Directory Recursively, we need to use -R option. When -R options is used, The Linux grep command will search given string in the specified directory and subdirectories inside that directory. If no folder name is given, grep command will search the string inside the current working directory.

How do you display the nth line in Linux?

Below are three great ways to get the nth line of a file in Linux.

  1. head / tail. Simply using the combination of the head and tail commands is probably the easiest approach. …
  2. sed. There are a couple of nice ways to do this with sed . …
  3. awk. awk has a built in variable NR that keeps track of file/stream row numbers.

Which option is used with grep command for deleting lines?

8. Which option is used with grep command for deleting lines? Explanation: grep can play an inverse role; the -v (inverse) option selects all lines except those containing the pattern.

What is NR in awk command?

NR is a AWK built-in variable and it denotes number of records being processed. Usage : NR can be used in action block represents number of line being processed and if it is used in END it can print number of lines totally processed. Example : Using NR to print line number in a file using AWK.

How do I search for a specific line in Linux?

To do this, go to Edit -> Preferences and tick the box that says “Display line numbers.” You can also jump to a specific line number by using Ctrl + I .

How do you show the middle line in Unix?

The command “head” is used to view the top lines of a file and command “tail” is used to view lines at the end.

How do you find the first two lines of a file in Unix?

To look at the first few lines of a file, type head filename, where filename is the name of the file you want to look at, and then press <Enter>. By default, head shows you the first 10 lines of a file. You can change this by typing head -number filename, where number is the number of lines you want to see.

How do I copy a line from one file to another in Linux?

You can use grep to search for a regular expression in details. txt and redirect the result to the new file. If not you will have to search for each line you want to copy, still using grep, and append them to new. txt using >> in stead of > .

How do you print a range of lines in Linux?

Printing given range of lines using sed

Sed is a stream editor. A stream editor is used to perform basic text transformations on an input stream (a file or input from a pipeline). above is the sed command example to print the range from 5 to 10, out of 1-20 lines. -n option is to print ‘n’ number of lines.



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