The /etc directory contains configuration files, which can generally be edited by hand in a text editor. Note that the /etc/ directory contains system-wide configuration files — user-specific configuration files are located in each user’s home directory.

What does etc stand for on Linux?

/etc. Contains system-wide configuration files and system databases; the name stands for et cetera but now a better expansion is editable-text-configurations. Originally also contained “dangerous maintenance utilities” such as init , but these have typically been moved to /sbin or elsewhere.

Where is etc folder Linux?

Linux Directories

  1. / is the root directory.
  2. /bin/ and /usr/bin/ store user commands.
  3. /boot/ contains files used for system startup including the kernel.
  4. /dev/ contains device files.
  5. /etc/ is where configuration files and directories are located.
  6. /home/ is the default location for users‟ home directories.

What is etc Ubuntu?

/etc is an abbreviation for etcetera, as I’m sure you guessed… It’s the directory which stores all of your configuration files. /usr, as you guessed, is the directory where “user” files reside; it contains all of the items that are not part of the system itself such as user programs and data.

What means sudo su?

The su command switches to the super user – or root user – when you execute it with no additional options. Sudo runs a single command with root privileges. … When you execute sudo command, the system prompts you for your current user account’s password before running command as the root user.

What is proc file system in Linux?

Proc file system (procfs) is virtual file system created on fly when system boots and is dissolved at time of system shut down. It contains the useful information about the processes that are currently running, it is regarded as control and information centre for kernel.

What is the root folder in Linux?

The root directory is the top level directory on any Unix-like operating system, i.e., the directory that contains all other directories and their subdirectories. It is designated by a forward slash ( / ).

What is ETC X11?

/etc/X11 is the location for all X11 host-specific configuration. This directory is necessary to allow local control if /usr is mounted read only.

How do directories work in Linux?

When you login to Linux, you’re placed in a special directory known as your home directory. Generally, each user has a distinct home directory, where the user creates personal files. This makes it simple for the user to find files previously created, because they’re kept separate from the files of other users.

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